Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Research on the association between decision making and inhibition abilities has exhibited fundamental controversies. Can gender explain variations in risky decisions via inhibition influences? The purpose of the present study was to explore the associations between response inhibition, reflection inhibition, interference inhibition, and decision-making processes in men and women. No differences were detected in these measures between groups. The net score of the performance on the last section of the Iowa Gambling Task choices did not correlate with the inhibition measures in the two groups. We did not discover any significant main effects of gender on the association between these measures.
Declines in the ability to inhibit in a row, and the consequences to memory of unsuccessful inhibition, have been frequently reported to increase with age. However, a small amount of studies have investigated whether sex moderates such effects. Here, we examined whether inhibitory ability may vary as a function of age and sex, after that the interaction between these two factors. While we did not find confirmation for age or sex differences all the rage inhibitory processes when information needed en route for be inhibited prior to encoding, after encoded information being actively held all the rage working memory needed to be buried, we found that older women were particularly impaired relative to both younger women and men of either become old group. These results provide further aid for the presence of memorial inhibitory deficits in older age, but add together nuance by implicating biological sex at the same time as an important mediator in this affiliation, with it more difficult for older women to inhibit what was a long time ago relevant in memory. Much research, designed for example, has investigated episodic long-term recall ability as a function of birth sex. While in general episodic recall ability is greater in women Maitland et al. Whereas some work has found sex-related differences in working recall abilities, most notably a male benefit in spatial, but not verbal, effective memory Voyer et al.