Negotiating safer sex among married women in Ghana

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The HIV prevalence rate in Ethiopia for married or cohabiting women is 3 times that found amongst women who have never been married. While marriage used to be seen as a protective factor against HIV, evidence suggests that this is no longer necessarily the case. This study analyses the trend and socio-demographic determinants of HIV awareness and safe sex negotiation among married women in Ethiopia between and Data from Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in and in were analysed. Multivariable regression analyses were performed. Odds ratios and confidence intervals were computed. A significant increase in knowledge of HIV and ability to negotiate safer sex occurred between and reflecting a positive trend in gender empowerment amongst married Ethiopian women. Some of these advancements were striking, for instance respondents were 3.

But few studies have assessed risky sexual behaviour among married and cohabiting women in this high HIV prevalence countryside. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the prevalence after that identify the predictors of risky sexual behaviour among married and cohabiting women in Mahikeng Local Municipality where HIV is generalized. The study used cross-sectional mixed methods data obtained from women responding to a survey and 33 women participating in in-depth interviews all the rage All the women were elderly 18—49 years, married or cohabiting after that were residing in rural and built-up areas of Mahikeng Local Municipality by the time of the study. Altogether the above predictors were exacerbated as a result of culturally sanctioned gender inequality and structural factors. The findings suggest that chancy sexual behaviour is prevalent among conjugal and cohabiting women in the analyse area which has serious implication designed for the marital transmission of STIs after that HIV. We suggest interventions that add to gender equality in sexual decisions after that initiatives that encourage men to adjust their sexual beliefs and values. Chancy sexual behaviours which are defined at the same time as behaviours that increase the risk of transmission of sexually transmitted infections STIs and HIV continue to be ample spread in sub-Saharan Africa and it explains why HIV is now common in this region Chialepeh and Susuman In South Africa, where the HIV pandemic is large, risky sexual behaviour by young unmarried adults is common Van et al.

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